JENGbA - Joint Enterprise Not Guilty by Association

Common Law used against common people that makes no common sense. We are a grassroots campaign, run by volunteers. As with all grassroots campaigns the work behind opposing the might of the legal establishment has been an uphill battle. It was a role taken on mainly by women (mothers, sisters, aunties and cousins but also heartbroken dads and uncles) who will not rest while their loved ones are serving mandatory life sentences for crimes committed by others. JENGbA was created by the legal establishment, it was not a campaign that came out of nowhere; it was precisely because the use of joint Enterprise was unjust, unfair and discriminatory towards working class and BAME communities that we were forced to form JENGbA. From our kitchens and meeting rooms we have focused tirelessly on this campaign.


Legal Win against CPS

CPS will now collect JE data

The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has agreed to a pilot scheme to monitor data on the age, race, sex and disability of those prosecuted under the joint enterprise doctrine after a legal challenge from campaign group JENGbA, represented by Liberty.

The Usual Suspects

Second Edition

The Usual Suspects uses national data to assess the use of joint enterprise laws in prosecutions for serious violence in England and Wales over the last fifteen years.

The usual suspects second edition

UN Working Group of Experts

Human Rights

UK: Discrimination against people of African descent is structural, institutional and systemic, say UN experts.

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Channel 4

My Son’s Life Sentence

Dean Winston was sentenced to life in 2014. His co-defendant Kyle Sober-Froud admitted to causing the fatal stab wound, but Dean was also sentenced to life.

For A Murder SOMEONE ELSE Confessed To

Other news and events


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Crime and Justice Study - The Usual Suspects

By Helen Mills, Matt Ford and Roger Grimshaw
The Usual Suspects uses national data to assess the use of joint enterprise laws in prosecutions for serious violence in England and Wales over the last fifteen years.
It is the first publication to track information about multi-defendant cases and secondary suspects over this significant period of years, and features up-to-date figures inclusive of the period post the 2016 Supreme Court judgment, which ruled the law had taken 'a wrong turn' for more than thirty years. Get the report here

John Crilly Blog

John Crilly blog on JE and our Justice system. How can YOU be convicted of MURDER with no evidence? Joint Enterprise! a judge-made doctrine which allows for two or more people to be held equally accountable for the actions of another. CLICK HERE

Resistance TV

Miscarriages of Justice: The Joint Enterprise conundrum With Guests Gloria Morrison: Co-founder of JENGbA and Becky Clarke: Senior Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University. In 2015 the Supreme Court determined that the law of joint Enterprise had been wrongly interpreted for 30 years, yet people convicted under that discredited law are still languishing in prison. It was used to convict marginalised and vulnerable defendants predominately from BAME and working-class communities resulting in numerous miscarriages of justice. With little or no actual evidence of involvement against them, many of these defendants were given mandatory life sentences for simply being in the wrong place at the wrong time. Watch on you tube here

Stories of injustice

Women in prison for life for violent crimes they did not commit, JENGbA research report reveals Joint Enterprise Women, A report released today (16th November) written by academics at Manchester Metropolitan University reveals new evidence about the number and experiences of women in prison under unjust laws of complicity known as joint Enterprise.

The Rhyming Guide to Joint Enterprise

Potent Whisper take on Joint Enterprise watch the video here click here Written & performed by Potent Whisper. Music by 3ss3nce and Tone-O.

A City Seen: Dangerous Associations

Dangerous Associations highlights the issues young people and families are facing because of this law. The film is about Joint Enterprise, which is a Victorian law that has re-emerged in England and Wales enabling the conviction by association of multiple individuals for one offence. It is often used to target groups of young people. The film is preceded by an introduction by Gary Younge - Author, Journalist and Professor of Sociology at The University of Manchester. Read more here

Accessorial Liability after Jogee

In R v Jogee [2016] UKSC 8, the UK Supreme Court fundamentally changed the law of accessorial liability when it decided that the principles of joint Enterprise had been misinterpreted for over 30 years. The Court abolished the head of liability known as parasitic accessory liability and replaced it with (re-stated) principles of assisting and encouraging. The judgment, widely reported and hailed as a 'moment of genuine legal history', sent shock waves around England and Wales as well as other common law jurisdictions that still operate 'parasitic' or 'extended' joint Enterprise principles, and raised the hopes of hundreds of prisoners here and elsewhere who had been convicted under joint Enterprise. This collection examines Jogee, subsequent Court of Appeal decisions and case law from other jurisdictions that re-considered their own joint Enterprise principles in the wake of Jogee. Its chapters are authored by scholars and practitioners, all experts in the area of complicity, but each with their own experiences and views on the issues under debate. The result is the first comprehensive analysis of the implications of Jogee. The present volume is not just a source of reference for academics and practitioners; its aim is more ambitious in that it seeks to chart the way forward and to suggest solutions to problems created by Jogee for criminal law theory and practice. Read more here

Joint Enterprise is a working class injustice – the law must change

On Tuesday 11th February, members of the Orgreave Truth and Justice Campaign were proud to attend and support a public meeting of the Joint Enterprise – Not Guilty by Association (JENGbA) campaign in the House of Commons. The joint Enterprise law says that a secondary party in any offence can be prosecuted as if they were the principal offender. Legal experts told the meeting that, until 2016, the law applied in cases where the prosecution could prove that the secondary party had ‘foresight’ of the crime. If they could show that a person connected to the main offender thought that a crime might be committed, then it was possible to build a joint Enterprise case. In effect, the law allows one person to be prosecuted for somebody else’s wrongdoing. Read more here


KILLING THE LAW is a documentary film about families who have fought to change the law and free their loved-ones from prison after they were convicted of murder and given life sentences under the controversial part of English law referred to as “Joint Enterprise” Read more here